What Is A Bunion And How To Heal One


What Is A Bunion?


Bunions form when the toe moves out of places and it’s enlargement causes friction as the bunion rubs against a person's footwear.  This is the main reason people with bunions experience pain.  Bunions are usually formed when some constant pressure or stress is exerted on the big toe joint.  In many cases, it is tight and narrow footwear such as high-heels that squeeze the toes together causing trauma to the big toe and causing the bunion to form.  


As time continues, the big toe begins to angle toward the other toes sometimes overlapping the third toe and this growing enlargement causes even more irritation and friction against the person’s footwear.  The skin over the bunion will become red and tender and can even become a cut.  Such a cut only gets worse with constant friction against that person’s footwear and may ultimately lead to an infection.  

It is especially important for a diabetic to have podiatry treatment for a bunion because a toe infection is one of the leading reasons for an amputation.  Bunions are not hereditary but can occur because of a faulty foot structure, which is why bunions do run in families.  Various foot injuries and foot types like flat feet or high-arched feet can contribute to the formation of a bunion. 


How To Heal One


Bunions do not resolve by themselves because they are bone deformities and therefore, the goal of a bunion is first to relieve the pressure placed on the bunion and pain caused by the irritations.  The second goal is to stop the growth of a bunion.  There are commonly used methods for accomplishing each aim. 


Firstly, protective padding can stop the friction against a person’s shoes and alleviate the skin problems and inflammation.  At the American Foot and Ankle Specialists, we remove any corns or calluses on the foot.  Changing footwear designed to accommodate both the bunion and the shape of a person’s foot will help stop the growth of it’s bunion. 


Our foot doctors may recommend orthotic devices to stabilize the joint and help place the foot in the correct position when walking and standing.  Splints at nighttime can help the toes and joint realign.  This is usually recommended for adolescents with bunions.  


Finally, if conservative options do not relieve bunion pain or stop the progression of the bunion’s growth, we offer bunion surgery, known as a bunionectomy to realign the toe and remove the bunion.  


With a Scottsdale podiatry office and Sun City podiatry office, we help many patients in the Phoenix area relieve bunion pain.  As experienced podiatrists, we know we can help you find the relief that you are looking for. 


Call (480) 483-9000 and schedule your consultation.